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Introduction

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 4

Day 5

Day 6

Day 7 Day 8

Species list

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List of species seen

Spot-winged Wood Quail
This is a notoriously difficult species to find, since it tends to stay in forest undergrowth, and difficult to approach if found. Hence our luck when we located 7 at Serra dos Orgaos from the boardwalk, which we could just about see foraging on the slope below. We then quietly approached down steps to where they were feeding, with the birds eventually only a few metres away from us
White-faced Whistling Duck
At least 6 at the Wetlands
Brazilian Teal
7 coming back from Serra dos Orgaos; ~7 the Wetlands
Least Grebe
3 at the Wetlands
Roseate Spoonbill 
5 coming back from Serra dos Orgaos, with the group feeding together in a small marsh seen from the main road
Rufescent Tiger Heron  
While crossing one of the low dykes to try to get better views of some of the wildfowl at the Wetlands, a smart adult bird flew from the water’s edge to land in a low tree on a bare area and stayed there until we had to leave. At first it sat and preened, and then opened out its wings, exposing the underwings to the heat of the sun
Striated Heron
1 the Wetlands
Western Cattle Egret
Common in most areas where there was open cultivation, with the largest concentrations in fields with cattle
Great Egret 
Small numbers on journey from and to the airport; 1 going to Serra dos Orgaos 
Capped Heron
The first of these dapper birds was seen flying over the lagoon at the Wetlands, following which it landed in a high bare tree to the rear. It then returned to the opposite end of the lagoon, where another was feeding in the open water. A further 2 flew from the water’s edge here
Whistling Heron
2+2 on the Jacamar Excursion. Both were quietly progressing and feeding along the centre of marshy cultivated fields     
Magnificent Frigatebird
Abundant Rio
Neotropic Cormorant
Small numbers on sea around Rio; 2 at the Wetlands
Turkey Vulture 
Fairly common but irregular throughout
Black Vulture
Easily the most common vulture / bird of prey seen. They were common throughout and seen regularly
Savanna Hawk 
1 perched on telegraph pole on journey from airport; 3 Jacamar Excursion, 1 on journey back; 2 just before the Wetlands
Roadside Hawk
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion perched; 5 Jacamar Excursion; 1 the Wetlands; 1 on journey back to the airport
Short-tailed Hawk
1 at the start of the Jacamar Excursion
White-tailed Hawk
1 Jacamar Excursion. This bird was initially seen perched on a small tree, then it hunted over the over the opposite side of the valley, eventually hovering above the horizon
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle
1 over Serra dos Tucanos; 1 the Wetlands, circling with Vultures
Southern Crested Caracara
A few at the airport; 1 Serra dos Tucanos; 3 +1 Jacamar Excursion
Yellow-headed Caracara
~10 High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 perched & 1 on a cow Jacamar Excursion; at least 20 the Wetlands area
Laughing Falcon
1 perched on telegraph pole on journey from airport
American Kestrel
2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion
Aplomado Falcon
2 together cattle ranch on Jacamar Excursion
Red-legged Seriema
Group of 3 High Altitude Lower Excursion. They were strolling together slowly along a hillside on the opposite side of the valley to our viewpoint, to eventually enter the woodland
Slaty-breasted Wood Rail
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 1 behind fruit feeders Serra dos Tucanos. The latter bird was heard calling from behind the fruit feeders almost every morning just after daybreak
Blackish Rail
Two chasing each other in open areas on the marsh below us on the Jacamar Excursion
Purple Gallinule 
~10 the Wetlands
Common Gallinule
~100 the Wetlands
Southern Lapwing 
~8 at airport; 2 on journey to High Altitude, 2 High Altitude Lower Excursion, 2 High Altitude Upper Excursion; ~20 Jacamar Excursion; 5 on trips to and from Serra dos Orgaos; ~6 journey to the Wetlands
Wattled Jacana
~40 the Wetlands. Some birds were juveniles
Kelp Gull 
1-2 Rio  
Picazuro Pigeon  
~4 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 3 Jacamar Excursion at Jacamar site; ~6 before the Wetlands. More birds which may have been these were either in distant flight or perched, again at a distance or passed at some speed in the car
Pale-vented Pigeon 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion    
Ruddy Ground Dove
Small numbers on journey from airport; ~20 Jacamar Excursion; ~6 the Wetlands
White-eyed Parakeet
3 groups totalling ~25 Jacamar Excursion
Maroon-bellied Parakeet 
Quite common and fairly regular at the Serra dos Tucanos fruit feeders, with a maximum of ~12 being seen. In addition there were ~8 at the Wetlands
Blue-winged Parrotlet
Group of 7 Jacamar Excursion, then ~6 at the Jacamar site
Plain Parakeet
Common on feeders and over Serra dos Tucanos, with a maximum of ~20 on one of the feeders at any one time. They were the most common parrot seen, and were regular at the lodge. Many others may have been seen flying over elsewhere, but couldn’t be indentified from call and silhouette
Scaly-headed Parrot 
1 from Serra dos Tucanos – again, more may have been seen but not identified. This bird was perched in the open on the opposite side of the valley, and the salient features clearly seen (red vent couldn’t be missed!)
Mealy Amazon 
1 perched High Altitude Lower Excursion
Guira Cuckoo 
4 on Jacamar Excursion, then 1 at Jacamar site; 5 on way to Serra dos Orgaos   
Greater Ani  
12 the Wetlands
Smooth-billed Ani 
3 on journey from airport; ~40 Jacamar Excursion; ~20 on the way to the Wetlands
Squirrel Cuckoo 
2 High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 Portao Azul; 1 Macae de Cima; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
Burrowing Owl 
3 perched on pole in centre of town near Serra dos Tucanos; 3 on way to Serra dos Orgaos (the same trio as above); 3 just outside of the Wetlands
Common Nighthawk 
1 over pond on way back from Serra dos Orgaos, spotted when we stopped to see Roseate Spoonbills
White-collared Swift 
Hundreds over Serra dos Tucanos; ~50 over top car park Serra dos Orgaos; ~20 over the Wetlands
Sick's Swift 
2 over Serra dos Orgaos 
Saw-billed Hermit 
The place to see these was at the nectar feeders of Serra dos Tucanos, where at least 2 birds were seen almost every day. Despite their large size, they were a regular target for the bullying of the aggressive Sombre Hummingbirds. The only bird seen away from here was on the Cedae Trail
Scale-throated Hermit 
At least 1 of the 4 larger hermits seen at Theodoro Trail was of this species; 1 Macae de Cima, where the scaling on the throat was particularly striking
Reddish Hermit  
2 Theodoro Trail; 2 Portao Azul
Sombre Hummingbird 
This was easily the most common hummingbird seen, being preset only at the Serra dos Tucanos nectar feeders. It was also the most violent, having a go at all other hummingbirds, including its own kind. Regular tussles were witnessed, always involving at least one of this species
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird
At least 3 were present on almost every day at Serra dos Tucanos; 1 was also seen at Portao Azul
Black Jacobin 
1 at Serra dos Tucanos    
Plovercrest
1 and then 2 flying together High Altitude Upper Excursion. This is a higher altitude species, and its presence is usually given away by the characteristic drumming of its wings. All the birds we saw were males, with the first perching briefly next to the track up the mountain
Frilled Coquette
Female Portao Azul showing the characteristic rufous tinge to the throat
Glittering-bellied Emerald 
1 perched in tree below one of the hillside stops, then male and female further on during the Jacamar Excursion; 2 females Portao Azul
Violet-capped Woodnymph
The place to see these was at Serra dos Tucanos, where they were the second most common bird with at least 8 Serra being seen every day. Elsewhere, 1 Portao Azul; 1 early on the Jacamar Excursion
White-throated Hummingbird 
2 Theodoro Trail; 1 Portao Azul
Sapphire-spangled Emerald 
1 Jacamar Excursion
Brazilian Ruby
At least 2 were present on most days at Serra dos Tucanos; female High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 bathing Theodoro Trail
Surucua Trogon
1 male & 1 female Portao Azul; 1 Serra dos Orgaos 
Ringed Kingfisher 
1 the Wetlands, 1 journey back from the Wetlands
Three-toed Jacamar 
As its name suggests, this is the target bird for the Jacamar Excursion, and the chances of seeing it are usually very good. The site is visited at the end of the day, and is located next to the nesting sand bank alongside a main but not too busy road. We saw 2 birds almost immediately, which continued to show on and off for some time
Crescent-chested Puffbird  
1 perched over the stream Serra dos Tucanos early morning
Black-necked Aracari
3 just outside of the Wetlands – the first was a seen flying, with the second and third perched in trees to the rear of a grassed field
Saffron Toucanet  
2 Portao Azul, feeding on fruit in a tall tree above the track
Spot-billed Toucanet 
At least 5 came to the fruit feeders at Serra dos Tucanos on most days, with a further 3 at Serra dos Orgaos    
White-barred Piculet 
1 Serra dos Tucanos; 2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion; 2 Serra dos Tucanos beyond pool; 4 Cedae Trail; 1 Macae de Cima; 1 the Wetlands
Yellow-eared Woodpecker 
Pair High Altitude Lower Excursion; 1 Cedae Trail; 1 Macae de Cima
Yellow-throated Woodpecker
1 Serra dos Orgaos, preening on a tree over the track on the lower track. The variant in this area conversely has a red throat
Yellow-browed Woodpecker 
1 Portao Azul
Campo Flicker
7 High Altitude Lower Excursion
Blond-crested Woodpecker 
1-2 birds were seen feeding on the fruit feeders at Serra dos Tucanos each morning bar the last two. They came and went before 6.30am, and seemed wary of our presence when we were on the lawn
Band-tailed Hornero 
1 at cattle ranch during the Jacamar Excursion, where the bird is a regular within the mud of the cattle stockade, and 1 just outside of the Wetlands, singing by the side of the road in a bush
Rufous Hornero 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; ~8 Jacamar Excursion  
Rufous-capped Spinetail 
2 Portao Azul
Spix's Spinetail
At least 2 High Altitude Lower Excursion 
Pallid Spinetail
At least a pair with a nest High Altitude Lower Excursion - perhaps more in bird wave later; 2 pairs Theodoro Trail; 1 Portao Azul
Yellow-chinned Spinetail 
2 Jacamar Excursion; 2 pairs the Wetlands
Rufous-fronted Thornbird
~5 early Jacamar Excursion on a wood pile, then 2 at nest Jacamar Excursion
Orange-eyed Thornbird 
2 Portao Azul; 2 Macae de Cima. These birds are very difficult to see well, since they are very active and tend to keep to the shadows of the bushes
White-browed Foliage-gleaner 
1 in bird wave High Altitude Upper Excursion; 2 Theodoro Trail; 1 Portao Azul; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner  
1 Cedae Trail; 2 separate individuals Theodoro Trail
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner
1 Theodoro Trail; 2 separate birds Portao Azul
White-collared Foliage-gleaner   
1 Macae de Cima; 2 Serra dos Orgaos
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser
1 Serra dos Orgaos. Another notorious skulker, we were lucky to pin this bird to a gap in the trees, and could see it doing exactly what its name suggests – tossing leaves!
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper
A calling bird was found at the river around the bridge at Serra dos Tucanos. We found it as the light was fading one evening and picked it up again the next morning. It is fairly vocal, but even then can sometimes be hard to locate when it keeps to the shadows at the edge of water. At least 2 were on the Theodoro Trail. These confused us initially because they seemed to be nowhere near to water, and kept out of sight most of the time, but the salient features were eventually made out
Streaked Xenops 
1 in bird wave High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 Theodoro Trail
Plain-winged Woodcreeper 
1 Cedae Trail. With Olivaceous Woodcreeper much more common, the uniform back and plain greyish underparts male this quite a different looking bird
Olivaceous Woodcreeper 
This form is much different to those seen elsewhere on the continent. The wings have an obvious lighter panel, and the breast of some verges on yellow. 1 High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 Serra dos Tucanos beyond pool; 1 Cedae Trail; 1 Portao Azul; Serra dos Orgaos - 2 lower, 3 upper
White-throated Woodcreeper  
The “moustache” on this species is usually very obvious, and the bird is huge in flight. 1 Serra dos Tucanos; 1 Theodoro Trail; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
Planalto Woodcreeper 
With the “moustache” of the above being so obvious, the lack of this feature with this bird was equally as obvious. 1 seen on the Theodoro Trail  
Lesser Woodcreeper 
1, then 2 Theodoro Trail; 1 Serra dos Orgaos lower section, 3 upper
Scaled Woodcreeper 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion, 1 High Altitude Upper Excursion; 2 Portao Azul; 1 Macae de Cima; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
Giant Antshrike 
1 female Serra dos Orgaos at a regular spot from the boardwalk for a male of the same species. We had heard the call a few times, but almost given up looking for it when the distinctive rufous barred behometh was spotted in a bush above us
Chestnut-backed Antshrike
At least 3 at the Wetlands. The first, near to the start of the forest trail, was quite difficult to follow in the shadows. However, the 2 followed along the main track just before the lagoons were very much in the open for lengthy periods, and even caused a distraction from the White-bearded Manakin lek below
Sooretama Slaty Antshrike 
2 pairs the Wetlands
Variable Antshrike
1 seen, more heard High Altitude Upper Excursion; 2 Theodoro Trail; 1 Portao Azul
Spot-breasted Antvireo
We were searching through a bird wave in the canopy from the water box trail at Serra dos Tucanos, when 2 of this species were picked out. The spots on the breast were a lot more obvious than shown in the field guide
Plain Antvireo
2 pairs on trails at Serra dos Tucanos; 3 Serra dos Tucanos, then ~7 Serra dos Tucanos trails on a third day; 3 Theodoro Trail; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
Star-throated Antwren
2 seen on the Serra dos Tucanos trails were typically skulking, offering the briefest of views. A third on the lower section of Serra dos Orgaos spent much of it’s time in the semi open to the edge of the track
White-flanked Antwren 
2 pairs the Wetlands. The birds here were much less well marked with the white flanks than elsewhere on the continent
Rufous-tailed Antbird
1 seen, at least 4 more heard High Altitude Upper Excursion. In keeping with the rest of the genus, these birds make it very difficult to get good views, staying very much to the shadows
Ochre-rumped Antbird 
1 Macae de Cima – as above, another skulker of higher altitudes
Dusky-tailed Antbird 
2 together Portao Azul. Brief views of these very vocal birds seen
Streak-capped Antwren
At least 1 Cedae Trail
White-shouldered Fire-eye
Pair Theodoro Trail
White-bibbed Antbird
2 Serra dos Orgaos. These were separate birds seen rather well than would have been expected. Both were in the undergrowth from the boardwalk on the upper section, with the second bird being very active, but in the open beneath for some time
Rufous-capped Antthrush 
1 next to water box trail at Serra dos Tucanos
Rufous Gnateater 
Pair Serra dos Orgaos. The first bird landed on the hand rail on the boardwalk in front of us, and then again with a second bird on the opposite side before returning to the undergrowth
Black-cheeked Gnateater 
1 Serra dos Tucanos. This bird was found next to the steps up from the water box trail to the upper trails. On our return half an hour later, it was still in the same area, just below a well weathered seat along the circular trail
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo 
Pair Serra dos Orgaos. Both were seen briefly together in the undergrowth next to the boardwalk on the upper section
Planalto Tyrannulet 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion
Grey-capped Tyrannulet
2 Portao Azul
Yellow-bellied Elaenia
2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion
Yellow Tyrannulet 
3 Portao Azul
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet 
At least 6 High Altitude Upper Excursion, 1 in party High Altitude Lower Excursion
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet 
4 seen, more heard High Altitude Upper Excursion
Sepia-capped Flycatcher 
Pair on trail at Serra dos Tucanos
Bran-coloured Flycatcher 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 1 Jacamar Excursion
Drab-breasted Bamboo Tyrant 
1 Macae de Cima
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant 
1 the Wetlands. This bird was heard from some distance away, and eventually came to the area where we were stood, flitting around in the branches above us
Eared Pygmy Tyrant
1 in canopy on trail at Serra dos Tucanos was in the neck-breaking canopy position; a pair at Serra dos Orgaos were much easier to see, being perched in the open for some time to the left of the boardwalk in the upper section
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher 
1 Portao Azul, bushes next to the track
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher 
2 Jacamar site; 2 Serra dos Tucanos, where they apparently bred; 1 Portao Azul; 1 Serra dos Orgaos; 1 just outside of the Wetlands
Common Tody-Flycatcher 
1 the Wetlands
Yellow-olive Flatbill 
1 came to feeders at Serra dos Tucanos; 2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion; 1 Theodoro Trail; 1 Portao Azul; 1Macae de Cima; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
White-throated Spadebill 
1 Cedae Trail, in low bushes near to the entrance of the trail as we were about to leave for the van
Cliff Flycatcher 
1 then 4 Portao Azul, both times perched at the top of tall bare trees, and also in the company of Long-tailed Tyrants
Euler's Flycatcher 
1 Serra dos Orgaos, feeding from the hand rail of the boardwalk in the upper section
Blue-billed Black Tyrant 
1 Portao Azul
Velvety Black Tyrant
2 High Altitude Lower Excursion
Yellow-browed Tyrant  
2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion
White-rumped Monjita 
3 separate birds Jacamar Excursion, all keeping some distance from us in the centre of the pastures. They generally seemed to like feeding from wires
Masked Water Tyrant 
At least 6 Jacamar Excursion; 2 Serra dos Tucanos; 2 the Wetlands
White-headed Marsh Tyrant 
Female at Jacamar site; 1 male the Wetlands, perched from low bushes on the islands in the centre of the lagoons
Long-tailed Tyrant 
2 separate birds Portao Azul, both perched at the top of tall bare trees in the company of Cliff Flycatchers
Cattle Tyrant 
1 early on Jacamar Excursion
Social Flycatcher 
2 Serra dos Tucanos; 1 High Altitude Lower Excursion;  2 Jacamar Excursion, and 2 Jacamar site; Portao Azul; 3 on way to Serra dos Orgaos; ~12 the Wetlands
Great Kiskadee 
Pair with nest at Serra dos Tucanos; ~4 High Altitude Upper Excursion; 2 Jacamar Excursion 
Lesser Kiskadee
1 Serra dos Tucanos
Boat-billed Flycatcher
1 Jacamar Excursion
Tropical Kingbird  
Common on wires open country
Short-crested Flycatcher 
1 Jacamar Excursion, then 1 Jacamar site
Grey-hooded Attila
Pair at Serra dos Tucanos, seen only on first afternoon at the lodge
Black-and-gold Cotinga 
A female was seen at the High Altitude Upper Excursion, shortly after a male was heard to call just the once. Further down, at least 2 males were calling above our heads, but couldn’t be picked out of the thick branches. A male was eventually spotted on the horizon at Macae de Cima, where it could be heard singing, and then scoped perched on a bare tree
Pin-tailed Manakin 
A male and separate female were at Serra dos Orgaos upper section. The male was a real treat, since it perched near to us for some time on open branches, allowing scrutiny from all angles
White-bearded Manakin
1 male and a female Portao Azul; 2 leks - 2 males & female first, 2 males & 3 females second. The latter was the first time we had seen a manakin lek of any kind, and birds at both were somewhat frenetic, with the second including what were probably young males trying out their luck
Blue Manakin
Juveniles Serra dos Tucanos and Theodoro Trail – apparently, young males in their second year, which both of these birds must have been, retain the green of the female, but sport a stunning orange crown, which almost shines in the dark of the forest. A pair and young male were also at Macae de Cima, with 2 separate males at Serra dos Orgaos upper section
Whiskered Myiobius 
2 Serra dos Tucanos; 3 Theodoro Trail. Adult Black-tailed Myiobius in this region have darker underparts than the nominate, which makes identification of these two similar species somewhat easier
Greenish Schiffornis 
1 Macae de Cima
Green-backed Becard 
1 Portao Azul
Chestnut-crowned Becard 
1 Serra dos Tucanos; 1 Serra dos Orgaos  lower section in bird wave
Rufous-browed Peppershrike 
1 bird wave High Altitude Upper Excursion; 2 Serra dos Tucanos with Plain Antvireo on extension trail
Red-eyed Vireo 
1 Portao Azul
Rufous-crowned Greenlet 
~4 High Altitude Upper Excursion, then ~3 in bird wave; 1 Cedae Trail; ~4 Serra dos Orgaos
Brown-chested Martin 
~35 Jacamar Excursion
Blue-and-white Swallow 
~20 Jacamar Excursion; ~12 over Serra dos Tucanos
Southern Rough-winged Swallow  
~12 Jacamar Excursion; ~6 over Serra dos Tucanos; 2 Portao Azul
Tawny-headed Swallow 
1 at cattle ranch, then further 3 Jacamar Excursion
Black-capped Donacobius
2 together Jacamar Excursion
Moustached Wren 
1 the Wetlands, calling loudly and flying from and to hidden perches around us
Long-billed Wren 
A regular bird was seen almost every day calling and singing around the pool area of Serra dos Tucanos
House Wren 
1 singing at Serra dos Tucanos; 1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion; the Wetlands
Chalk-browed Mockingbird 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; ~10 Jacamar Excursion
Yellow-legged Thrush
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 1 Portao Azul
Rufous-bellied Thrush
~6 in Serra dos Tucanos grounds and 5 on trails; 1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 1 Cedae Trail; ~4 Theodoro Trail; 2 Portao Azul
Pale-breasted Thrush
3 Serra dos Tucanos
Creamy-bellied Thrush 
1 High Altitude Lower Excursion
House Sparrow 
Odd birds seen when passing through some towns
Common Waxbill 
1 Jacamar Excursion; 2 the Wetlands
Violaceous Euphonia
At least 6 on feeders at Serra dos Tucanos (1 male, 2 females, 2 subadult males+); Theodoro Trail; 1 the Wetlands
Orange-bellied Euphonia 
In the field this species is very similar to Purple-throated, but has a slightly more extensive yellow cap (the belly is usually yellow rather than the orange implied in the name). At least 2 males Serra dos Tucanos; pair Serra dos Tucanos; 1 Serra dos Orgaos
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia
~6 Serra dos Tucanos; 4 Cedae Trail
Blue-naped Chlorophonia
Pair on feeders at Serra dos Tucanos
Hooded Siskin
1 male Jacamar Excursion; Pair Portao Azul
Golden-crowned Warbler 
1 in canopy on trail at Serra dos Tucanos; ~4 High Altitude Upper Excursion, 1 High Altitude Lower Excursion in bird wave; 2 separate birds Jacamar Excursion; 1 Serra dos Tucanos trail; 3 Theodoro Trail; 2 Portao Azul; 1 Macae de Cima; 2 Serra dos Orgaos 
White-rimmed Warbler 
1 High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 Theodoro Trail; ~6 Serra dos Orgaos along and on the boardwalk at the upper section
Red-rumped Cacique
3 Jacamar site; ~20 the Wetlands
Chopi Blackbird 
~15 early on Jacamar Excursion
Chestnut-capped Blackbird 
Pair with 3 immatures Jacamar Excursion
Shiny Cowbird
1 Portao Azul
Bananaquit
2 on feeders at Serra dos Tucanos; 2 high up High Altitude Upper Excursion; ~6 Jacamar Excursion; ~6 Serra dos Tucanos trails; 2 Cedae Trail; ~3 Theodoro Trail; ~10 Serra dos Orgaos
Rufous-collared Sparrow 
Quite common both High Altitude Lower Excursion and High Altitude Upper Excursion
Half-collared Sparrow 
2 Portao Azul. These birds are both a lot more colourful and more skulking than expected
Brown Tanager 
Pair Serra dos Orgaos above us on the upper section
Cinnamon Tanager 
3 High Altitude Lower Excursion, at first feeding on orange bushes at a smallholding, and then much closer on bushes next to the track
Magpie Tanager 
3 Portao Azul
Olive-green Tanager 
1 Cedae Trail in small bird wave
Black-goggled Tanager 
Male and ~4 females bird wave High Altitude Upper Excursion; 1 Serra dos Tucanos; 1 Portao Azul; Pair Serra dos Orgaos
Flame-crested Tanager 
2 Serra dos Orgaos in bird wave on the lower section. Unlike some other Tanager species which have supposed crests which are hard to see in reality, the flame red crest on these birds is very plain to see
Ruby-crowned Tanager 
Unlike the above species, this is a classic Tanager which has a coloured crest, but is rarely shown. We did see a red line along the crown on the first male that we saw, but all subsequent males hid their namesake. Pair and separate male (latter showing red crest on the first afternoon) at Serra dos Tucanos; 2 Theodoro Trail; 1 Portao Azul
Brazilian Tanager 
This is a very similar species to Silver-beaked Tanager, which thankfully doesn’t occur in this area, but seems to be very much brighter. Pair Serra dos Tucanos; 2 Theodoro Trail; 1 the Wetlands
Sayaca Tanager 
This species also has a very similar species (Azure-shouldered), but this congener does occur here. All birds were checked, but all were of this species. 2 Serra dos Tucanos; 2 Portao Azul
Golden-chevroned Tanager 
This species is much brighter and more colourful than in the field guides. 3 Serra dos Tucanos; 6 Portao Azul; ~4 Macae de Cima; 3 Serra dos Orgaos
Palm Tanager
~10 High Altitude Lower Excursion; ~10 Serra dos Tucanos
Diademed Tanager 
This large and stunning Tanager tended to keep to the interior of bushes, yet still showed off a brilliant cobalt blue plumage with characteristic crown stripes and mini crest. It was also seen in the company of a bird wave on both occasions – ascending and descending the upper altitude track. ~8 High Altitude Upper Excursion
Fawn-breasted Tanager 
4 High Altitude Lower Excursion, 1 bird wave High Altitude Upper Excursion
Green-headed Tanager  
This is reputed to be one of the most regular of the Tanagers in the lodge grounds, but it took us a few days to see them. They were then regular, both in the grounds, and in bird waves of Serra dos Tucanos and other sites. ~10 Serra dos Tucanos fruit feeders; ~6 Cedae Trail; 2 Serra dos Tucanos bird wave along water box trail; 2 Portao Azul
Red-necked Tanager
At least 6 Cedae Trail; ~6 Serra dos Tucanos bird wave; ~3 Serra dos Orgaos
Brassy-breasted Tanager 
5 then ~3 bird wave High Altitude Upper Excursion, 2 High Altitude Lower Excursion; ~15 in 2 flocks Serra dos Orgaos
Gilt-edged Tanager 
~4 Portao Azul
Burnished-buff Tanager 
1 female Serra dos Tucanos; 1 High Altitude Lower Excursion; 1 Jacamar site; ~4 Portao Azul
Blue Dacnis 
Up to 3 pairs Serra dos Tucanos; 2 separate pairs Portao Azul; At least 25 the Wetlands
Rufous-headed Tanager 
~3 Portao Azul; 1 Macae de Cima 
Bay-chested Warbling Finch
At least ~30 High Altitude Upper Excursion, where they were the most common species in the bird waves seen
Saffron Finch
~10 High Altitude Lower Excursion; ~25 Jacamar Excursion; 1 female Portao Azul; 2 petrol station on way to Serra dos Orgaos
Blue-black Grassquit 
1 male Jacamar site, on the opposite side of the road
Double-collared Seedeater 
~3 males and ~5 females High Altitude Lower Excursion; Many plain birds Jacamar Excursion
Red-crowned Ant Tanager 
This species was often the precursor to a bird wave. 2 Cedae Trail; 2 lower Serra dos Orgaos; 2 upper section of Serra dos Orgaos
Green-winged Saltator  
1 Portao Azul
Thick-billed Saltator 
2 High Altitude Upper Excursion. They were feeding around the grassy area just below the peak of the walk, and seen for long periods, although the low clouds during our visit limited clear views
         Mammals Seen
 
Common Marmoset 
2 Serra de Tucanos on one of the fruit feeders
Tufted Capuchin 
4 were initially seen in the tree canopy just below us on the upper section of Serra dos Orgaos, then a further 2 were in trees on the horizon of the forest on the opposite side of the valley
Capybara
Occasional animals were spotted along water courses in some of the larger towns, with one which looked more convincingly wild at the Wetlands

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Introduction

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 4

Day 5

Day 6

Day 7 Day 8

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