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Introduction

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 4

Day 5

Day 6

Species list

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List of species seen

Painted Spurfowl 

What looked like a pair and a separate single bird were keeping to the cover of bushes near to the track at Bandhavgarh

Red Junglefowl 

Quite regularly seen in the forest, either in singles, or groups of up to 6 birds. All seen were males. Kanha (7, 1, ~6), Bandhavgarh (7)

Indian Peafowl

Commonly seen in the forest, and also occasionally in open farmland. They are also quite vocal. Kanha (~15, ~16, ~10), Bandhavgarh (~10, ~10, ~12), train journey (~8), Agra to Delhi (2)

Greylag Goose

A group of ~20 were usually to be found on a pool in open ground at Kanha

Ruddy Shelduck

Almost exclusively seen on the river adjacent to the Taj Mahal in Agra, with a group of ~40 birds. 2 were also seen on the journey from Agra to Delhi

Northern Pintail

2 separate groups of birds were on pools within Kanha, totalling ~40 birds

Eurasian Teal

A small group of 3 birds was with the larger collection of Pintail on one of the pools at Kanha

Little Grebe

This species seems to be common on open water throughout the countryside: Kanha (2); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (6); train journey (2); journey from Agra to Delhi

Black Stork

A group of 4 birds was regularly seen on one of the pools at Kanha. A single bird flew over Chitvan Lodge

Wooly-necked Stork

A pair of birds was seen from the car during the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh

Lesser Adjutant

Only seen in small numbers at Bandhavgarh. A single bird was at a small pool with Peafowl late one afternoon; a pair and a separate bird were on the reserve on our second day; a single bird was near to the road on the third day

Red-naped Ibis

Kanha Ė a pair of birds must have been building a nest in the vicinity of the Central Point, with regular noisy flyovers. A group of 4 were perched towards the centre of one of the pools

Indian Pond Heron

A common bird throughout, they were seen in small numbers: journey from Nagpur to Kanha (2); Kanha (2, 2, 2); Bandhavgarh (1, 1); train journey (5); journey from Agra to Delhi (~12)

Eastern Cattle Egret

Very common throughout

Intermediate Egret

The only definite bird was at Kanha

Little Egret

Kanha (1); Bandhavgarh (1); train journey (1)

Little Cormorant

Kanha (5, 1)

Great Cormorant

River adjacent to Taj Mahal, Agra (~100); pools alongside railway tracks on train journey (~40)

Black-winged Kite

Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (~8); Kanha (2, 2); Chitvan Lodge (1); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (3); Bandhavgarh (1); train journey (1); journey from Agra to Delhi (1)

Black Kite

These were abundant in the cities such as Agra and Delhi, yet all but non-existent in the countryside, where the only birds noticed was a group of ~20 on the journey from Nagpur to Kanha. A pair were even nesting within one of the monumentís grounds in Agra

Egyptian Vulture

The first birds seen were 3 at the Taj Mahal, with 2 overhead, and 1 perched on the building itself. The only others were on the journey from Agra to Delhi, when 4 were loosely associating with small numbers of Black Kites

Indian Vulture

The vulture population was hit very hard some years ago due to the overuse of antibiotics in cattle, so it was a nice surprise to see a handful of this one species in small numbers. 3 were high over Bandhavgarh late one afternoon. Small numbers were seen again over the reserve on subsequent days (4, 2, 1)

Short-toed Snake Eagle 

While staking out the possible location of a Tiger in Bandhavgarh, a light phase individual passed overhead

Crested Serpent Eagle

2 birds were particularly close, with 1 behind the jeep in Kanha, and another flying from the forest floor to land in a tree nearby, then to fly even closer when it perched directly over our heads. A third bird was flying overhead at Kanha

Shikra

Single bird circled above Bandhavgarh

White-eyed Buzzard

Most interesting was one of two birds late afternoon at Bandhavgarh, strutting over open ground looking for insects. A third bird had been seen perched near to the Central Point at Bandhavgarh, with 2 birds on flypast at Kanha

Common Kestrel

2 separate birds were in the air on one day at Bandhavgarh

Common Moorhen

Only seen while travelling, with a single bird on the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh, and ~30 on roadside pools when travelling from Agra to Delhi

Eurasian Coot

As with Moorhen, only seen while travelling, with ~50 sharing the roadside pools with that same species

Sarus Crane

A group of 4 were in an agricultural field while travelling from Agra to Delhi

Black-winged Stilt  

Apart from a group of birds at rest in the river adjacent to the Taj Mahal, Agra, most birds were seen on the train journey and from Agra to Delhi

Yellow-wattled Lapwing

Single bird at rest in a field late afternoon at Bandhavgarh

Red-wattled Lapwing

Kanha (2, 4, 3); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (5); Bandhavgarh (5, 5); train journey (~8); journey from Agra to Delhi (~30)

Green Sandpiper

1 flew from a poolside at Kanha, with a second bird from the train (in flight)

Common Pigeon

Abundant in built up areas Ė Delhi and Agra in particular

Eurasian Collared Dove

2 at the Taj Mahal, Agra

Spotted Dove

Chitvan Lodge (2); Kanha (2, 6); Bandhavgarh (~6, ~4, 1)

Laughing Dove

2 in the grounds of Tigerís Den, Bandhavgarh

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon

Chitvan Lodge (2); Kanha (4, 3); Bandhavgarh (~10, 3, ~20)

Alexandrine Parakeet

More were likely to have been seen than the following, since parakeets were a very common sight and sound, leaving many non-specifically identified: Delhi (3); Kanha (1); Bandhavgarh (1, 2, 2)

Rose-ringed Parakeet 

These were a very common sight and sound in most areas, with the only place where they seemed to be few and far between being Kanha

Plum-headed Parakeet

Only specifically identified at Bandhavgarh, where at least 15 were seen on the last day, with fewer numbers on the previous two days

Greater Coucal 

Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (1); Kanha (2); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (1); Bandhavgarh (1 in the village of Tala)

Sirkeer Malkoha 

1 was seen briefly flying away from the jeep on a morning safari at Kanha, with 3 much better views later while on the plateau at Kanha

Asian Koel

Single male only at Bandhavgarh

Indian Scops Owl

A pair was pointed out from the jeep in Bandhavgarh, side by side in a tree hole

Mottled Wood Owl

What must be a regular pair were usually to be found roosting under the canopy of one of the trees near to the entrance of gate 1 at Bandhavgarh

Jungle Owlet

The most common owl seen, and unlike the others, none were known regulars known by the guides: Kanha (3, 2, 1); Bandhavgarh (2, 1)

Spotted Owlet

A regular pair was roosting in a nearly bare tree near to the Central Point at Kanha

Crested Treeswift

1 over a clearing at Bandhavgarh

Asian Palm Swift

2 together over Kanha

Little Swift

The only ones seen were a group of ~40 over one of the temples at Agra

Indian Roller

These were a welcome and common sight in all areas apart from the busy centres of the large cities, although a few were even seen on roadside wires in some of the towns: Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (~30); Kanha (1, 2, 1); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (~12); Kanha (1, 3, 2); train journey (3); journey from Agra to Delhi (2)

White-throated Kingfisher

Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (7); Kanha (4, 2, 2); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (2); Bandhavgarh (2, 1); journey from Agra to Delhi (3)

Green Bee-eater 

Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (6); Kanha (2); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (2); Bandhavgarh (2, 2)

Eurasian Hoopoe

Kanha (1); Bandhavgarh (2); Taj Mahal, Agra (1); train journey (2)

Indian Grey Hornbill

A few birds were seen briefly at Bandhavgarh (1, 2, 1), with an additional bird which landed briefly in the Tigerís Den

Brown-headed Barbet

These were regularly heard at both Kanha and Bandhavgarh, but strangely the only one seen was a bird on the grass within the grounds of one of the cultural sites in Delhi

Coppersmith Barbet

One was seen briefly from the car on the journey from Nagpur to Kanha, and another brief sighting was made as the jeep passed under one at Bandhavgarh. Occasional birds were also heard at both reserves

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker

2 were part of a bird wave in Kanha

White-naped Woodpecker 

2 birds were seen on one day in Kanha. The second was the more entertaining, since it wasnít happy about the presence of a pair of Greater Racket-tailed Drongos, which it deigned to chase off

Large Cuckooshrike

Most of the birds were seen at Kanha, with 3 separate birds on the second day, and another the following morning. A single bird was posing in the grounds of the Fossil Museum stop on the Kanha to Bandhavgarh journey, and a 6th was seen at Bandhavgarh

Small Minivet

Single female at Bandhavgarh

Scarlet Minivet 

A pair were amongst a bird wave at Kanha

Brown Shrike

A single bird was perched on a small twig in the same clearing as the Rufous-tailed Flycatcher at Bandhavgarh

Long-tailed Shrike  

Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (~10); Chitvan Lodge (2); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (3); Bandhavgarh (1); train journey (1)

Black-hooded Oriole

Kanha (2, 2); Bandhavgarh (1)

Black Drongo

After being seen in good numbers on the journey from Nagpur to Kanha, smaller numbers were seen regularly in open areas: Kanha (1, 1); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (3); Bandhavgarh (1, 2); train journey (2); journey from Agra to Delhi (~5)

White-bellied Drongo

More of a forest species than Black Drongo, all birds seen were from the jeep on safari: Kanha (2); Bandhavgarh (1, 2, 2)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

Very much a bird of the forest, these were commonly seen and heard at both Kanha and Bandhavgarh: kanha (~30, ~12, ~10, ~5); Bandhavgarh (3, 2)

Rufous Treepie 

Another common bird of the enclosed forest, being seen and heard regularly: Kanha (~15, ~8, 3); Bandhavgarh (~6, 1); Tigerís Den, Bandhavgarh (1)

House Crow

Very common in large towns and cities

Large-billed Crow 

Despite some birds being seen in towns and villages, this was the only one of the two Corvus crows to be seen in the forest: Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (3); Chitvan Lodge (2); Kanha (~12, ~6, ~4); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (~20); Bandhavgarh (~20, ~8, ~6); train journey (~10)

Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher  

1 bird was in one of the trees at the Central Point, Kanha; 2 separate birds were on one of the routes in Bandhavgarh

Great Tit

Kanha (1, 1)

Red-whiskered Bulbul

The guide was a little surprised when I pointed out 3 of this species amongst the Red-vented Bulbuls next to the viewing area on the plateau, Kanha

Red-vented Bulbul

Common in all areas and habitats, including cities

Brown-throated Martin 

~40 were in a tight flock over the Central Point, Kanha Ė they were seen on only one occasion

Barn Swallow

Common on the journey from Nagpur to Kanha, and from Agra to Delhi

Wire-tailed Swallow 

Only 2 seen, perched overhead at Bandhavgarh

Hume's Leaf Warbler

1 in the Central Point area of Kanha, and a second within the Tigerís Den, Bandhavgarh

Greenish Warbler 

Kanha (2 separate birds on different days, both around the Central Point); 2 separate birds at Bandhavgarh

Zitting Cisticola

Kanha (2, ~6, ~6)

Rufous-fronted Prinia

A single bird was singled out at the lookout point on the plateau, Kanha

Grey-breasted Prinia

1 at Bandhavgarh

Ashy Prinia

1 in the grounds of Chitvan Lodge, Kanha

Plain Prinia

Quite common at Kanha, including some birds within the Chitvan Lodge grounds

Common Tailorbird

Only 2 seen  - together in the grounds of the Chitvan Lodge

Jungle Babbler 

Possibly one of the most common sights and sounds of the forest, where these birds were always in small, noisy gangs. A group was also in the grounds of the Taj Mahal, Agra

Oriental White-eye

One at the Central Point, Kanha

Common Myna

Apart from within Bandhavgarh, where only 4 birds were seen, these were abundant in all habitats

Brahminy Starling

1 seen on the lawn of Nagpur airport

Orange-headed Thrush

Kanha (3, 1, 2); Bandhavgarh (1)

Oriental Magpie-Robin

Chitvan Lodge (1); Kanha (1); Bandhavgarh (1, 1, 1)

Indian Robin

7 were seen on the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh, all at the roadside in hilly areas, and 1 more was at Bandhavgarh

Black Redstart 

2 at a rest stop on the Nagpur to Kanha journey; 1 on the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh

Siberian Stonechat

3 single birds were seen on subsequent days at Kanha

Pied Bush Chat 

1 on the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh

Grey Bushchat

The presence of this bird was a bit of a surprise. At first unidentified, this sleek brown chat was feeding from a small mound situated in a clearing at Bandhavgarh. After some time, the rufous on the rump and outer tail feathers could be clearly seen

Brown Rock Chat 

I had expected these to be seen in wild, rocky areas if they were seen at all, but was surprised to find 1 at one of the monuments in Delhi on the first day, and 3 within the grounds of the Red Fort at Agra

Red-breasted Flycatcher 

2 on one day on Kanha, and 1 at Bandhavgarh

Ultramarine Flycatcher

2 separate males were in Bandhavgarh

Purple Sunbird

Pair one day at Bandhavgarh, and 2 separate males the following day

House Sparrow 

Small number seen on the journeys between sites

Yellow-throated Sparrow

~7 were seen (and heard) at the tops of trees in Kanha, with 3 the following day

Scaly-breasted Munia

~6 in a bird wave in Kanha

Tricoloured Munia

~6 were in the bird wave with the Scaly-breasted Munias

Grey Wagtail

Kanha (2); Bandhavgarh (1)

White Wagtail

1 on the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh

Common Rosefinch

2 in the grounds of Chitvan Lodge


List of mammal species seen

 

Rhesus Monkey

These could be found both in cities and forest, although in smaller numbers than Langurs in the latter habitat. They were even seen commonly on the road during journeys. They tend to be more aggressive than the Langurs. Ghandiís tomb, Delhi (~12); journey from Nagpur to Kanha (common); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (3); Bandhavgarh (3, ~40, ~10); Agra (~30)

Black-footed Grey Langur 

These are a very common sight in the forests, with occasional individuals outside of this habitat, and are constantly entertaining. They donít seem to like the early mornings, with most being seen after mid-morning. Journey from Nagpur to Kanha (1, 2); Kanha (~30, ~25, ~30); journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh (~10); Bandhavgarh (commonly seen on all days)

Northern Palm Squirrel

This is one of the two striped squirrels of the country, and seems to be best identified by its distribution, since the difference between 3 and 5 stripes appear to be small. They were common in some of the cultural sites in Delhi and Agra, with only occasional sightings in the forests: Kanha (1); Bandhavgarh (1, 2)

Indian Hare

1 ran in front of the jeep while returning to Chitvan Lodge from one of the morning game drives

Indian Flying Fox 

3 seen in the air on the journey from Nagpur to Kanha

Jungle Cat

1 seen in the distance on the track in Kanha before disappearing into the forest

Tiger

We were very lucky with our sightings during the 11 safaris which we took to maximise the chances of seeing Tiger. Some visitors didnít see any during repeated safaris in Kanha, but we were fortunate to see a female on four occasions early on the first outing, even witnessing her carrying a kill on the third sighting. Luck was even higher in Bandhavgarh, with a female crossing the track in front of us minutes into the first safari, with a huge male being followed in the afternoon after seeing him at rest late morning. A female was distant on the last morning, with another male crossing the front of us on the last afternoon safari

Ruddy Mongoose 

The first was staked out when seeing its back end leave the scene of what may have been a reptile kill next to the track in Kanha, with good views when it re-emerged. Subsequent sightings of another at Kanha and 3 at Bandhavgarh were much more distant

Golden Jackal

First was seen crossing the main road just after leaving Kanha on the journey from Kanha to Bandhavgarh, with a pair on the last afternoon at Bandhavgarh, and a final one crossing the road at night during our journey to the train station

Dhole (Wild Dog)

2 playful individuals were watched for some time at the trackside in Kanha after being reported by an earlier jeep

Wild Boar

Groups of 4 and 7 were on separate days in Kanha, with 5 and ~9 on separate days in Bandhavgarh

Chital (Spotted Deer)

Very common in both Kanha and Bandhavgarh

Red Muntjac 

1 briefly at Kanha

Barasingha (Swamp Deer)

Probably the rarest mammal seen, Kanha is one of the three strongholds of this species. It isnít too difficult to see here, living up to its other name of Marsh Deer when it is often found next to water. Kanha (~20, 6, ~10)

Sambar

More of a thick forest deer, occasional individuals will venture into the open areas, such as two strutting males at Kanha. Kanha (1, 3, ~12); Bandhavgarh (~8, ~12, ~15)

Gaur (Indian Bison)

Only one sighting of a group of 7 while waiting for the tigress to show for the fourth time at Kanha. One was a mother suckling a youngster

Nilgai

A group of ~10 were in the middle of an agricultural field on the journey from Agra to Delhi

 

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Content

Introduction

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 4

Day 5

Day 6

Species list

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